Casa de Joanna


Special Characters
There are many ways to use accents in documents and programs and we have come a long way from the days when all accents required cheat sheets with lists of codes. Note that current Office products (i.e. MS Word) have built in menus (Insert - Symbol) and often leftover macro commands that work just like the international keyboard settings. It's worth exploring your Help menu (read about 'special characters') before switching keyboard layouts. Ctrl + `or ~ or ' gets you pretty far.  PowerPoint still does not have this option, however, going to the Insert menu and choosing Symbol is a quick and speedy alternative.  

I prefer to use an international keyboard most of the time (Discussion and instructions below). Sometimes, however, that is not an option. Below are a few of the ways that you can get accents without changing the keyboard settings and when there aren't shortcuts built into the program. I have also included HTML options for those who choose to code by hand. (Mmmmm...coding.)  

Speakers of languages other than French or Spanish may have better luck with the Language Center at the University of Michigan.

Character
Description

Character

Macintosh
See note

Windows
See note

HTML
Option 1

HTML
Option 2

Small a
grave accent

Option + `,
then a
Alt + 0224 à

à

Small a
acute accent

Option + e,
then a
Alt + 0225 á

á

Small a
circumflex accent

Option + i,
then a
Alt + 0226 â

â

Small a
umlaut mark

Option + u,
then a
Alt + 0228 ä

ä

Small c
cedilla

Option + c Alt + 0231 ç

ç

Small e
grave accent

Option + `,
then e
Alt + 0232 è

è

Small e
acute accent

Option + e,
then e
Alt + 0233 é

é

Small e
circumflex accent

Option + i,
then e
Alt + 0234 ê

ê

Small e
umlaut mark

Option + u,
then e
Alt + 0235 ë

ë

Small i
grave accent

Option + `,
then i
Alt + 0236 ì

ì

Small i
acute accent

Option + e,
then i
Alt + 0237 í

í

Small i
circumflex accent

Option + i,
then i
Alt + 0238 î

î

Small i
umlaut mark

Option + u,
then i
Alt + 0239 ï

ï

Small n
tilde

Option + n,
then n
Alt + 0241 ñ

ñ

Small o
grave accent

Option + `,
then o
Alt + 0242 ò

ò

Small o
acute accent

Option + e,
then o
Alt + 0243 ó

ó

Small o
circumflex accent

Option + i,
then o
Alt + 0244 ô

ô

Small o
umlaut mark

Option + u,
then o
Alt + 0246 ö

ö

Small u
grave accent

Option + `,
then u
Alt + 0249 ù

ù

Small u
acute accent

Option + e,
then u
Alt + 0250 ú

ú

Small u
circumflex accent

Option + i,
then u
Alt + 0251 û

û

Small u
umlaut mark

Option + u,
then u
Alt + 0252 ü

ü

Capital A
grave accent

Option + `,
then shift + a
Alt + 0192 À

À

Capital A
acute accent

Option + e,
then shift + a
Alt + 0193 Á

Á

Capital A
circumflex accent

Option + i,
then shift + a
Alt + 0194 Â

Â

Capital A
umlaut mark

Option + u,
then shift + a
Alt + 0196 Ä

Ä

Capital C
cedilla

Option + shift, then c Alt + 0199 Ç

Ç

Capital E
grave accent

Option + `,
then shift + e
Alt + 0200 È

È

Capital E
acute accent

Option + e,
then shift + e
Alt + 0201 É

É

Capital E
circumflex accent

Option + i,
then shift + e
Alt + 0202 Ê

Ê

Capital E
umlaut mark

Option + u,
then shift + e
Alt + 0203 Ë

Ë

Capital I
grave accent

Option + `,
then shift + i
Alt + 0204 Ì

Ì

Capital I
acute accent

Option + e,
then shift + i
Alt + 0205 Í

Í

Capital I
circumflex accent

Option + i,
then shift + i
Alt + 0206 Î

Î

Capital I
umlaut mark

Option + u,
then shift + i
Alt + 0207 Ï

Ï

Capital N
tilde

Option + n,
then shift + n
Alt + 0209 Ñ

Ñ

Capital O
grave accent

Option + `,
then shift + o
Alt + 0210 Ò

Ò

Capital O
acute accent

Option + e,
then shift + o
Alt + 0211 Ó

Ó

Capital O
circumflex accent

Option + i,
then shift + o
Alt + 0212 Ô

Ô

Capital O
umlaut mark

Option + u,
then shift + o
Alt + 0214 Ö

Ö

Capital U
grave accent

Option + `,
then shift + u
Alt + 0217 Ù

Ù

Capital U
acute accent

Option + e,
then shift + u
Alt + 0218 Ú

Ú

Capital U
circumflex accent

Option + i,
then shift + u
Alt + 0219 Û

Û

Capital U
umlaut mark

Option + u,
then shift + u
Alt + 0220 Ü

Ü

Inverted !

Option + 1 Alt + 0161 ¡

¡

Inverted ?

Option + ? Alt + 0191 ¿

¿


Macintosh Note
For letters with two keys (e.g. Option + 1), do the following:
Hold down the Option key and, while holding down the Option key, type the second letter (1). When you release the keys, you will see .

For letters that have three keys (e.g. Option + e, then e), do the following:
Hold down the Option key and, while holding the Option key down, type the second letter (e), then release those keys and type the letter that you want to appear (e). You will see

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Windows Note
Hold down the Alt key and, while holding the Alt key down, type in the number on the keypad. The accented letter will appear when you release the Alt key.

Note: As I mentioned in the introduction, accent short cuts are rather old-fashioned.  Choosing Symbol from the Insert menu is a quick fix for most programs.  

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International Keyboards Discussion & Instructions
I use an international keyboard in Windows 3.11, Windows 98 and XP. (Yes, I want it on the record that I still own a PC that runs 3.11. It's a 486DX266 and it's destined for a museum.) This system allows the user to use quotations marks and other keys on the keyboard to create accented letters.  The downside is that you need to use the space bar to make quotations marks. (e.g. ["] + [spacebar] = ["]) If you share your computer with other people it can make things complicated for them.

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